BIOLOGICAL CONFLICTS: According to their function, the biological conflicts linked to the organs of the alimentary canal are MORSEL CONFLICTS of “not being able to catch/eliminate a morsel” (mouth and pharynx), “not being fast enough to catch/eliminate a morsel” (thyroid gland), “not being able to swallow a morsel” (esophagus), and “not being able to absorb and digest a morsel” (pancreas, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, colon). For animals, a morsel concerns a real piece of food whereas for humans a morsel can also be of a figurative nature.
DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTION OF THE MOUTH AND PHARYNX SUBMUCOSA: The mouth is the opening of the alimentary canal and the place where the digestion (secretory quality) and absorption (absorptive quality) of food starts. The tongue is an accessory digestive organ that aids in chewing and swallowing. Through chewing, food is broken into small pieces. Saliva produced in the salivary glands moistens the food bolus to make swallowing easier. The salivary glands are located in several parts of the mouth. The largest salivary glands are the parotid glands in front of the ears, the sublingual glands underneath the tongue, and the submandibular glands beneath the lower jaw. The pharynx connects the mouth and nasal cavities with the trachea and the larynx. The nasopharynx, located in the back of the nose, extends to the upper surface of the palate which forms the roof of the mouth; the oropharynx is at the very back of the mouth. On both sides of the pharynx lie the tonsils. Branching off the pharynx is the esophagus that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. The submucosa of the mouth and pharynx (including the lips, gums, palate, tongue, salivary glands, tonsils, and throat) consists of intestinal cylinder epithelium, originates from the endoderm and is therefore controlled from the brainstem.
BIOLOGICAL CONFLICT: The biological conflict linked to the submucosa of the mouth and pharynx, including the lips, gums, palate, tongue, salivary glands, tonsils, and throat is a “morsel conflict” (compare with “morsel conflict” related to the stomach, duodenum, pancreas gland, small intestine, colon, and thyroid gland).
RIGHT HALF OF THE MOUTH AND PHARYNX
Newborns and infants experience the conflict in real terms when they can’t get the “milk morsel”, let’s say, because the mother is not able to nurse or is not feeding her baby in time. Seniors in nursing homes and hospital patients suffer the conflict when they are unable to eat because of pain; also cancer patients who are not able to eat as a result of chemo treatments. Having to refrain from eating one’s favorite food (e.g., being put on a strict diet) can also cause a morsel conflict.
A figurative morsel one is not able to “catch” refers to something that one had expected or was looking forward to “grab” and “swallow” and is unexpectedly not able or not allowed to (see also biological conflict linked to the esophagus). Such a desired “morsel” could be a deal, a contract, a business, a job, a position, a promotion, a “money morsel” in form of a loan, a profit, a gift, or an inheritance (house, apartment); for children it could be a “toy morsel” or a “good grade morsel”. The conflict might also concern a person one cannot “catch” or “get a hold of” or a relationship one is not able or not allowed to “consume”.
The right half of the nasopharynx relates to a “scent morsel” one is unable to catch, for example, the scent of a loved one who has left.
LEFT HALF OF THE MOUTH AND PHARYNX
This refers, for example, to food or medication one wants to “puke out”. An undesirable morsel might be associated with a commitment or promise one wants to revoke or an agreement one wants to call off. A newly hired employee, a new tenant or roommate, a new sibling, or an annoying visitor could be perceived as a “morsel” one wants to get rid of. In sports, it could relate to not being able to pass the ball (soccer) or puck (hockey). An “outgoing morsel” can also be a word or words one is not allowed or unable to “spit out”, for instance, an apology, a confession, a plea, or a complaint. Unwanted or forced oral sex might evoke the conflict.
The left half of the nasopharynx relates to a “scent morsel” one is unable to get rid of, for example, the scent of an opponent or of a competitor.
CONFLICT-ACTIVE PHASE: Starting with the DHS, during the conflict-active phase cells in the submucosa of the mouth or pharynx proliferate proportionally to the intensity of the conflict. The biological purpose of the additional cells is to better insalivate a morsel in order to absorb (right half) or expel (left half) it faster. Salivation is stimulated by the autonomic nervous system. This is why the secretion of saliva increases with the smell of “mouth-watering” food. In the English language, “salivating” and “drooling” are synonyms for “craving” for something or someone desirable.
With prolonged conflict activity a flat growth (absorptive type) develops in the submucosa of the mouth. In the palate, salivary glands, tonsils, pharynx, and throat it can also take a cauliflower-shaped form (secretory type). If the papillae of the tongue that contain the taste buds are affected, the additional cells provide an enhanced sense of taste in order to be able to analyze (see sensory quality) the “morsel” (compare with hypersensitivity to taste related to the posterior third of the tongue).
A large growth is usually diagnosed as an oral cancer or mouth cancer (compare with “oral cancer” related to the mouth surface mucosa) or as a “glandular tumor” if it involves the salivary glands.
Smoking and alcohol abuse are said to be risk factors for cancers in the mouth, including tongue cancer. Yet, not everybody who smokes or drinks develops oral cancer. If, however, the “cigarette morsel” or the “alcohol morsel” causes distress, for example, due to abstinence, withdrawal, or a fear of getting mouth or tongue cancer, the Biological Special Program will be set into motion.
Adenoids in the nasopharynx form as a result of a hanging conflict, that is, when the “scent morsel” conflict cannot be resolved in time (compare with polyps in the paranasal sinuses). If the tonsils are affected, this causes tonsillar hypertrophy, or enlarged tonsils. Since the tonsils and the nasopharynx share the same brain relays, nasal polyps and enlarged tonsils often occur together.
HEALING PHASE: Following the conflict resolution (CL), fungi or mycobacteria such as TB bacteria remove the cells that are no longer needed.
In the mouth, the healing phase presents as canker sores (aphthous ulcers) on the inside of the lips or cheeks, on the palate or tongue, or in all areas of the mouth, depending on the perception of the conflict situation (compare with aphthous ulcers related to the mouth surface mucosa). Canker sores appear as round or oval white spots with an inflamed border. They can be quite painful. On the gums, the pus-filled pocket is called a “dental abscess” or gum abscess. The tuberculous discharge causes bad breath.
If the required microbes are not available upon the resolution of the conflict, the additional cells remain. Eventually, the growth becomes encapsulated with connective tissue. In conventional medicine, this is usually diagnosed as a mouth polyp or “malignant cancer”. A gum polyp might reach into the neck of a tooth.
In the nasopharynx, adenoids or nasal polyps that developed during the conflict-active phase are removed with the help of fungi or TB bacteria, provided they are available. The nasal discharge consists of smelly tubercular secretion. A nasal abscess with painful swelling containing pus also develops in the healing phase.
In the salivary glands, a prolonged healing process (hanging healing) leads to a complete loss of the saliva-producing acinar cells resulting in a permanently dry mouth or what is called Sjogren’s or Sicca syndrome (see also dry mouth related to the salivary gland ducts and Sjogren’s associated with dry eyes). An inflammation in the salivary glands, for example, in the parotid glands causes parotitis, also known as mumps (see also parotitis related to the salivary gland ducts).
DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTION OF THE MOUTH AND PHARYNX SURFACE MUCOSA: The submucosa of the mouth and pharynx is covered with a cell layer composed of squamous epithelium, which derives from the ectoderm and is therefore controlled from the cerebral cortex. NOTE: The tonsils do not have an ectodermal surface mucosa.
MOUTH SURFACE MUCOSA
BIOLOGICAL CONFLICT OF THE MOUTH SURFACE MUCOSA: The biological conflict linked to the mouth surface mucosa (including the lips, gums, palate, and tongue) is an oral conflict of either “not being able to take something into the mouth” or, the opposite, of “not being able to get rid of something that is in the mouth or on the tongue”. In both cases, this concerns food one desires but is unable or not allowed to “take in” (being on a restricted diet, e.g., diabetics) or food one wants to “spit out”. Regarding the latter, this differs distinctively from the conflict of “not being able to eliminate a morsel” linked to the left half of the mouth submucosa. While the deep endodermal layer of the mouth correlates biologically to the actual morsel (real or figurative) one wants to expel, the upper ectodermal layer is rather about contact with the “morsel”, namely, wanting to separate from what is in the mouth (see separation conflict related to the skin). Conversely, the conflict of not being able to get something desirable into the mouth can be triggered by having to refrain from cigarette smoking or alcohol. A lip-related conflict translates into the loss of physical contact or the fear of losing contact associated with the lips, for example, if one is no longer able or allowed to kiss a person or a pet. Equally, it also applies to not wanting to be kissed or having tongue or lip contact. This includes contact with objects such as a drinking glass, a straw, eating utensils, dental tools, and the like. In a figurative sense, the oral conflict translates into not being allowed or able to say something that is “on the tip of the tongue”.
CONFLICT-ACTIVE PHASE: ulceration in the epithelial mouth mucosa proportional to the degree and duration of conflict activity. The biological purpose of the cell loss is to widen the oral cavity in order to facilitate the intake of or the separation from the “morsel”. With an intense conflict aphthous ulcers develop at the site (compare with canker sores related to the mouth submucosa). If the oral conflict is associated with the tongue, this causes tongue burning.
HEALING PHASE: During the first part of the healing phase (PCL-A) the tissue loss is replenished through cell proliferation. Healing symptoms are swelling, water-filled blisters, redness (see “raspberry tongue” with scarlet fever), and possibly bleeding. On the lips, such blisters are commonly called “cold sores” or “herpes” (see also herpes related to the skin).
Gingivitis is restricted to the gum tissue. An inflammation of the gums might also arise during the healing of periodontosis. In this case, the condition is called periodontitis. In today’s dentistry, it is wrongly assumed that gum diseases are caused by dental plaque.
An intense healing phase with a large swelling in the mouth area might be diagnosed as an “oral cancer” (compare with oral cancer related to the mouth submucosa). Based on the knowledge of GNM, the new cells cannot be regarded as “cancer cells” since the cell increase is, in reality, a replenishing process.
PALATE AND TONGUE
BIOLOGICAL CONFLICT OF THE BACK OF THE PALATE AND POSTERIOR THIRD OF THE TONGUE: The biological conflict linked to the soft palate is “wanting to get rid of something that is on the palate” (dental tools). The back of the tongue relates to “not being able or not wanting to taste something” (certain foods or liquids).
CONFLICT-ACTIVE PHASE: ulceration in the epithelial lining of the palate and/or tongue (posterior parts) proportional to the degree and duration of conflict activity. Symptoms: painful ulcers in the back of the palate or tongue with a hypersensitivity to taste (in Nature, the sensory perception of a spoiled “food morsel” or poison is essential for survival).
HEALING PHASE: The ulceration in the palate and/or tongue is refilled and replenished. The affected area is swollen and might bleed. During PCL-A and PCL-B there is a hyposensitivity to taste (compare with a loss of sense of taste with facial paralysis).
PHARYNX AND THROAT
BIOLOGICAL CONFLICT OF THE PHARYNX AND THROAT SURFACE MUCOSA: Like the conflict linked to the upper two-thirds of the esophagus to which the pharynx and throat connect, the biological conflict corresponding to the pharynx and throat surface mucosa is “not wanting to swallow a morsel”. Figuratively, this refers to any incident or situation one refuses to accept or which is perceived as hard to “swallow”.
CONFLICT-ACTIVE PHASE: ulceration in the epithelial lining of the pharynx and throat proportional to the degree and duration of conflict activity. The biological purpose of the cell loss is to widen the lumen of the pharynx and throat in order to be better able to eliminate the undesirable “morsel”. The ulceration causes a sore throat, explicitly, a scratchy throat.
HEALING PHASE: During the first part of the healing phase (PCL-A) the tissue loss is replenished through cell proliferation. Healing symptoms are swelling due to the edema (fluid accumulation), difficulties swallowing (a thick and tight throat) with pain (in PCL-A and PCL-B the pain is not of a sensory nature but rather pressure pain). Concurrent water retention due to the SYNDROME enlarges the swelling and therefore increases the pain. With an inflammation, the condition is called pharyngitis, typically accompanied by fever.
What is commonly called a strep throat indicates that the healing process is assisted by streptococcus bacteria. This is generally the case when the ulceration that takes place in the conflict-active phase reaches deep into the epithelial tissue.
DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTION OF THE SALIVARY GLAND DUCTS: Saliva, produced in the salivary glands (sublingual glands, submandibular glands, parotid glands) reaches the oral cavity through the salivary ducts. The moisturizing function of saliva allows to insalivate the “food morsel” so that it can pass easily from the mouth into the esophagus. The lining of the salivary gland ducts consists of squamous epithelium, originates from the ectoderm and is therefore controlled from the cerebral cortex.
BIOLOGICAL CONFLICT: Based on the role of saliva in the insalivation of food, the biological conflict linked to the salivary gland ducts is “not being able to eat” or “not being allowed to eat”. Children experience the conflict when they don’t get a desired “food morsel” (chocolate, ice cream, candy), but also adults, particularly women, when they don’t allow themselves to eat in order to lose weight. People on strict diets, including diabetics, are more susceptible to suffer the conflict.
CONFLICT-ACTIVE PHASE: ulceration in the salivary gland duct(s) proportional to the degree and duration of conflict activity. The biological purpose of the cell loss is to widen the ducts so that more saliva can be delivered to the mouth to facilitate the insalivation of food. Symptom: pain ranging from mild to severe.
HEALING PHASE: During the first part of the healing phase (PCL-A) the tissue loss is replenished through cell proliferation with swelling due to the edema (fluid accumulation) in the healing area. With concurrent water retention (the SYNDROME) the increased swelling might obstruct the salivary gland ducts causing parotitis, or mumps. Mumps is not only a “children’s disease” but also affects adolescents and adults. The theory that men who “contract mumps” after puberty have the risk of developing orchitis, an inflammation of the testicles, has no scientific basis. Besides, the existence of a “mumps virus” has never been substantiated.
MUMPS develops in the healing phase of “not being able or not being allowed or being unwilling to eat” with swelling in the parotid gland ducts or of “not being able to catch a morsel” (right side) or “not being able to eliminate a morsel” (left side) involving the parotid gland.
Prolonged healing because of continuous conflict relapses results in a permanent blockage of the saliva flow causing a dry mouth. This condition is called Sjogren’s or Sicca syndrome (see also dry mouth related to the mouth submucosa and Sjogren’s related to dry eyes). Conventional medicine argues that Sjögren’s is linked to a low estrogen level since it affects predominantly women after menopause. However, not every postmenopausal woman has Sjögren’s! From the GNM perspective, the increasing rate of the “dry mouth syndrome” is not at all related to a woman’s hormone level but rather to today’s diet-mania and more women experiencing the distress of “not being allowed to eat”. The theory that Sjögren’s is an autoimmune disease, suggesting that the body’s immune system “mistakenly” attacks its own body cells, is in light of the Five Biological Laws pointless.
A salivary duct stone is a calcified structure that forms inside a salivary duct (in the sublingual gland or submandibular gland) as a result of a hanging healing. A large stone can also block the flow of saliva into the mouth.
DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTION OF THE TONGUE MUSCLES: The tongue is a muscular organ covered by an endodermal submucosa and an ectodermal surface mucosa. The tongue coats food with saliva, aids in chewing and pushing food into the pharynx from where it goes through the esophagus into the gastrointestinal tract. Next to chewing and swallowing, the tongue assists in speech and the formation of words. The tongue consists of striated muscles, originates from the new mesoderm and is therefore controlled from the cerebral medulla and the motor cortex.
BIOLOGICAL CONFLICT: The biological conflict linked to the tongue muscles is “not being able to pull the tongue away” (contact with hot liquids or hot food) or “not being able to move the tongue”. A difficult dental procedure or intubation could cause such tongue-related distress; also, sexual abuse (oral sex, forced tongue kissing). Considering the function of the tongue in articulation and talking, not being able to speak or not being allowed to speak (to get a word off the tongue) can also trigger the conflict. The masticatory muscle relates to the conflict of “not being able to chew” (e.g. with braces or dentures).
CONFLICT-ACTIVE PHASE: cell loss (necrosis) of tongue muscle tissue (controlled from the cerebral medulla) and, proportional to the degree of conflict activity, increasing paralysis of the tongue muscles (controlled from the motor cortex) affecting speech and swallowing (see also stroke and tongue paralysis). Whether the right or left side of the tongue is affected is determined by a person’s handedness and whether the conflict is mother/child or partner-related.
HEALING PHASE: During the healing phase the tongue muscle tissue is reconstructed. The paralysis reaches into PCL-A. After the Epileptoid Crisis, during PCL-B, the function of the tongue returns to normal.