THE TEMPORAL LOBES
The temporal lobes are located laterally on each side of the cerebral cortex. The left temporal lobe reaches from the two larynx relays to the control center of the right half of the bladder, the right temporal lobe from the two bronchi relays to the control center of the left half of the bladder.
The biological conflicts linked to the temporal lobes are first and foremost territorial conflicts. The right temporal lobe relates to male territorial conflicts (territorial fear conflict, territorial loss conflict, territorial anger conflict, territorial marking conflict), the left temporal lobe to female territorial conflicts (scare-fright conflict, sexual conflict, identity conflict, marking conflict) associated with a woman’s “inner space”, including reproduction. In GNM, we therefore refer to the right temporal lobe as to the male territorial conflict area and to the left temporal lobe as to the female territorial conflict area.
The female and male conflict experience is largely influenced by the HORMONE STATUS, particularly by the estrogen and testosterone levels (both men and women produce these hormones).
A change of the hormone status alters a person’s biological identity and, consequently, the way conflicts are perceived. Hence, a woman with a low estrogen level experiences conflicts like a male. Conversely, a man with a low testosterone status experiences conflicts like a female.
The hormone status also changes with conflict activity involving the temporal lobes. With the impact of a conflict in the left temporal lobe the estrogen level decreases; equally, with the impact of a conflict in the right temporal lobe the testosterone level goes down. In GNM, we call this a conflict-related hormonal imbalance.
The Principle of Gender, Laterality, and Hormone Status
NOTE: The principle of gender, laterality, and hormone status also applies to the frontal lobe (thyroid ducts/pharyngeal ducts relays) and glucose center (alpha and beta islet cells of the pancreas).
Example: male territorial anger conflict and female identity conflict (see also example male territorial fear conflict and female scare-fright conflict)
Right-handed and left-handed male with normal hormone status (NHS)
NOTE: With left-handers, the conflict is transferred to the opposite brain relay
in the other brain hemisphere.
Right-handed and left-handed male with low testosterone status (LTS)
Right-handed and left-handed female with normal hormone status (NHS)
Right-handed and left-handed female with low estrogen status (LES)
With a change of the hormone status, a conflict might move to the other brain hemisphere, provided the conflict is still relevant. For example, after menopause, a female sexual conflict (sexual rejection) could be perceived as a male territorial anger conflict. The impact in the new brain relay typically happens through a conflict track; setting on the track is, basically, like a new DHS. NOTE: The transfer of a conflict to another brain relay changes the entire symptomatology on the organ level as well as on the emotional and mental level!
MANIA AND DEPRESSION
Biological conflicts that correspond to the temporal lobes cause a mood change, explicitly, a manic or depressed mood. To differentiate mania and depression from manic depression, we use in GNM the terms “primary mania” and “primary depression” (in psychiatry, mania and depression are classified as “unipolar mania” and “unipolar depression” to be distinguished from “bipolar disorders”).
Mania presents as an elevated mood. A manic person is active, extroverted, dynamic, energetic, driven, overly excited, euphoric, and full of vigor (see also manic depression). If the underlying conflict is moderate (“hypomania”), a manic state can be highly beneficial as it raises the energy, heightens the mood, and increases a person’s efficiency and productivity. People with a mild or moderate mania are generally in a happy and cheerful mood. Severe mania, however, can consume a person due to the lasting, intense stress (sympathicotonia) and sleep deprivation. In children and teens, a manic (overactive, impulsive) behavior is in today's psychiatry (DSM-5) diagnosed as a “Hyperactive Disorder” (see HD related to a Motor Cortex Constellation).
Depression presents as a low mood. A depressed person is passive, introverted, and listless. Depending on the intensity of the conflict, the condition ranges from a persistent feeling of sadness to a severe, “clinical” depression (see also manic depression) with debilitating effects on a person’s well-being. A light depressed mood, however, has definitely its favorable aspects, since it opens a space for deep introspection and for a creativity that differs from the vivacious productivity of the manic state (see Autistic Constellation). Artists at all times have drawn from this “productive melancholy” to create some of their greatest works.
In children and teens, a depressed mood is in today's psychiatry (DSM-5) considered a symptom of ADD-Attention Deficit Disorder (see ADD related to a (Post)Sensory Cortex Constellation).
Considering that left-handed women with a normal hormone status as well as right-handed women with a low estrogen status (postmenopausal women, women on birth control pills, pregnant and nursing women, women on estrogen-suppressing medication, women who had their ovaries removed) are more susceptible to suffer from depression, GNM offers an explanation as to why far more women suffer from depression than men or why depression is a common side-effect of contraceptives (“Depression is one the most common reasons women stop using birth control pills. Despite this, research can’t explain the connection”, Healthline, February 11, 2016). Also, when a woman starts taking the pill or enters menopause, a female conflict such as an identity conflict or a sexual conflict might turn into a territorial anger conflict or territorial loss conflict. Thus, the same conflict situation that made a woman manic makes her on contraceptives or after menopause depressed.
The encounter with a conflict track (meeting a certain person, being at a certain location, talking about a certain subject) reinforces the manic or depressed mood or triggers recurring manic or depressive episodes (compare mood swings linked to manic depression). Taking into account the biological handedness, with a recurring territorial anger conflict - anger at home, at work, at school - a right-handed male falls into a state of depression; the same conflict situation would make a left-handed male manic. The weather or the season could also be a track. This is why some people become depressed when it rains or in the late fall when the days get darker. In psychiatry, this is termed “Seasonal Affective Disorder” (SAD). It goes without saying that seasonal depression has nothing to do with a Vitamin D deficiency, as claimed.
The Healing Phase: Regarding mania, after the resolution of the conflict, the person is no longer manic but feels rather tired and lazy. As to depression, during the healing phase, the agitated depression (sympathicotonia) changes into a relieved depression (vagotonia). The two types of depression are, however, of considerably different quality. While the agitated depression (conflict-active phase) presents as restlessness, nervousness, irritation, racing thoughts, and difficulties sleeping, throughout the relieved depression (healing phase) the person is extremely tired and sleeps excessively (hypersomnia). Prolonged conflict activity (hanging conflict) as well as a prolonged healing phase (hanging healing) leads to a chronic, long-term depression, called dysthymia. In conventional medicine, persistent fatigue might also be diagnosed as “chronic fatigue syndrome”.
Together with the manic or depressed mood, the Biological Special Program also runs on the corresponding organ (First Biological Law).
Example 1: If a right-handed male with a normal horome status (NHS) has a territorial fear conflict, the conflict impacts in the bronchi relay (right temporal lobe) and he is depressed as long as he is conflict-active. When a left-handed male (NHS) suffers a territorial fear conflict, the conflict registers in the larynx relay (left temporal lobe) and he is manic throughout conflict activity. During the healing phase, the right-handed male develops bronchitis, the left-handed male laryngitis.
Example 2: When a right-handed female (NHS) has a sexual conflict, the conflict registers in the cervix/coronary veins relay (left temporal lobe). Throughout the conflict-active phase, she has moderate angina pectoris; moodwise, she is manic. For a left-handed woman with a normal hormone status, a sexual conflict impacts in the coronary arteries relay (right temporal lobe). During the conflict-active phase, she too has angina pectoris, but instead of being manic she is depressed. After the conflict resolution, the right-handed woman shows healing symptoms of the cervix (vaginal discharge). The Epileptoid Crisis is also significantly different. While the right-handed female undergoes an episode with rapid heartbeats (tachycardia) and breathing difficulties, the left-handed female shows a slow heartbeat (bradycardia). If the sexual conflict was intense, the left-handed woman suffers a coronary arteries-related heart attack whereas the right-handed woman has a lung embolism (the same holds true for a left-handed female with a low estrogen status after she has resolved a territorial loss conflict).
Example 3: When a right-handed male (NHS) has stomach pain, we can conclude that he experienced a territorial anger conflict involving the stomach relay (right temporal lobe). With prolonged conflict activity, he develops stomach ulcers due to the continuous ulceration in the stomach lining. While he is conflict-active he is depressed. When healing sets in, the stomach ulcers heal with inflammation and pain. In contrast, a left-handed male (NHS) becomes with the same conflict manic. When he goes into healing, he develops hemorrhoids because for a left-hander, a territorial anger conflict impacts in the rectum relay (left temporal lobe).
Failing to recognize the psyche-brain-organ relation and the two-phase pattern of every Biological Special Program, conventional medicine considers the physical symptoms and the mood change, for example, the development of a depression, as entirely unrelated. The physical symptoms are treated by a physician, the depression by a psychologist or psychiatrist. What is commonly called a “psychosomatic disorder” is a vague diagnostic term since it refers only to general stress as the assumed cause of an illness. Theories suggesting that a depressed mood is the result of a lifestyle crisis that upsets the body systems leading to an imbalanced blood sugar level, impaired thyroid function, a sick gut, and the like, are also missing the point. Based on the science of GNM, the physical symptoms related to a depression originate from very specific biological conflicts that correspond to very specific brain relays on the right temporal lobe. By applying the principle of gender, laterality, and hormone status, we are able to conclude from the physical and mental symptoms the type of conflict that causes a depression. This knowledge is also the starting point of the therapeutic approach.
The significance of the biological handedness demonstrates that conflicts, in terms of GNM, are primarily of a biological nature. That a right-handed female responds to a sexual conflict with ulceration in the cervix, a loss of estrogen production, and a manic mood, whereas a left-handed woman develops angina pectoris and a depression, wouldn’t make any sense on a solely psychological level.
The fact that right-handers and left-handers respond to the same conflict with a different organ manifestation reveals the biological purpose of mania and depression. On the right temporal lobe are the control centers of several vital organs, including the bronchi, coronary arteries, bile ducts, and pancreatic ducts with potentially serious complications during the healing phase. The depressed mood, however, stops a right-handed male and a left-handed female from resolving the conflict. In case of a territorial loss conflict, this prevents a heart attack that would occur during the Epileptoid Crisis. Moreover, a right-handed male with decreased estrogen level (caused by the impact of a territorial conflict in the right temporal lobe) is as a “female” not inclined to resolve his territorial conflict. On the left temporal lobe, on the other hand, are the control centers of the larynx, cervix/coronary veins, rectum, and bladder where, except for the Biological Special Program of the coronary veins, there are much fewer risks of complications. Here, the manic state gives the left-handed male and right-handed female the necessary energy to resolve the conflict as soon as possible, which puts them into the ideal position to secure procreation in the event that unexpected territorial conflicts threatened the group or the pack. This also explains, from a biological point of view, why humans are right-handed or left-handed (animals right or left-pawed or right or left-hooved) in the first place.
Manic-depressive means that the mood cycles between mania and depression, between manic episodes and depressive episodes. Depending on the intensity of the conflicts, the condition ranges from mild mood swings to a severe psychosis. A lasting dominance of one of the two conflicts causes a persistent manic or depressed mood. This, however, should not be confused with a primary mania or primary depression that differ from a manic depression insofar as a manic-depressive state is always accompanied by very specific mental symptoms and behaviors that are determined by the exact combination of conflicts, that is, by the particular constellation.
Tracks that were established when the conflicts first occurred amplify a current manic or depressed mood. Setting on a depression-related track deepens the depression; setting on a mania-related track lifts the depression and heightens the mania. Hence, a manic track can be consciously used to get out of a depressed mood. Tracks and conflict relapses also reactivate a constellation after one of the two conflicts (or both) has been temporarily resolved. Essentially, a track (a certain location, person, situation, sound, odor) is like an “allergy” prompting a recurrence of the manic or depressed mood and behaviors.
Psychotic attacks with sudden emotional, mental, and behavioral changes are brought on
The Epileptoid Crisis, initiated at the height of the healing phase, is a brief, intense reactivation of the conflict. Throughout that period the recurring mental symptoms present, therefore, as much stronger. With a heavy constellation, the Epileptoid Crisis can trigger an acute psychotic episode. In the event of a double Epi-Crisis that occurs when both conflicts were resolved around the same time, the psychotic attack is particularly severe and could last 3 to 4 days. This applies specifically to cortical constellations.
The GNM approach: When a constellation is acute, Dr. Hamer strongly advises to downgrade the conflicts rather than to aim for a complete conflict resolution because the constellation protects the individual (see organ level). Downgrading the conflicts, for example, through finding a partial resolution, reduces the conflict intensity and the degree of distress. The objective is to transform a hyper-constellation into a hypo-constellation. The main reason for this approach is to prevent complications that potentially arise during the healing phase both on the conflict-related organs as well as on the brain level (the extent of the healing symptoms and of the Epileptoid Crisis is determined by the degree of conflict activity). According to Dr. Hamer, with this method, an acute psychosis subsides within 3 to 4 months, without medication. In GNM, the use of medication is only a temporary measure to provide safety for the person (this research study, published in 2017 in the Journal of Mental Health, shows that antipsychotic drugs taken over a long period of time “compromise the contribution of the individual effort in recovery” and “reduce the likelihood of functional recovery”).
To downgrade a constellation, the first step is to identify the time and circumstances of the second conflict (see conflict sequence) that activated the constellation and its related mental symptoms. The type of constellation (Postmortal Constellation, Autistic Constellation, Aggressive Constellation, Flying Constellation, Hearing Constellation, etc.) can be concluded from the person’s emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. A brain scan, if available, shows the Hamer Foci in the corresponding brain relays. A maturity stop is another important diagnostic criterion because it allows estimating quite accurately at what age the second conflict occurred. At this point, we can ask specific questions about a conflict that happened around that time. Developing strategies on how to avoid conflict tracks intend to keep the conflict activity on a low level. With a downgraded constellation a person feels generally quite well, especially when the manic mood is dominant.
THE CONFLICT SEQUENCE
In order to establish what types of conflicts cause a manic depression and in what sequence the conflicts register in the temporal lobes, we have to apply the principle of gender, laterality, and hormone status (whether the conflicts are mother/child or partner-related is irrelevant).
Right-handed male with normal hormone status (NHS)
From a biological point of view, for a male with a normal hormone status, the first conflict can only be a male territorial conflict (territorial fear conflict, territorial loss conflict, territorial anger conflict, territorial marking conflict). If he is right-handed, the conflict registers in the right temporal lobe (male conflict area).
Left-handed male with normal hormone status (NHS)
For a left-handed male with a normal hormone status, the first conflict is also a male territorial conflict (territorial fear conflict, territorial loss conflict, territorial anger conflict, territorial marking conflict). Even though the conflict is experienced in a male fashion, the conflict registers in the female conflict area because with left-handers the conflict is transferred to the other brain hemisphere; hence, to the corresponding brain relay in the left temporal lobe.
Right-handed male with low testosterone status (LTS)
For a male with a low testosterone status, the first conflict can only be a female conflict (scare-fright conflict, sexual conflict, identity conflict, marking conflict). If he is right-handed, the conflict registers in the left temporal lobe (female conflict area).
Left-handed male with low testosterone status (LTS)
For a left-handed male with a low testosterone status, the first conflict is also a female conflict (scare-fright conflict, sexual conflict, identity conflict, marking conflict). Even though the conflict is experienced in a female fashion, the conflict registers in the male territorial conflict area because with left-handers the conflict is transferred to the other brain hemisphere; hence, to the corresponding brain relay in the right temporal lobe.
Right-handed female with normal hormone status (NHS)
From a biological point of view, for a female with a normal hormone status, the first conflict can only be a female conflict (scare-fright conflict, sexual conflict, identity conflict, marking conflict). If she is right-handed, the conflict registers in the left temporal lobe (female conflict area).
The control center of the cervix, located in the left temporal lobe, regulates the menstrual cycle, including ovulation. Normally, a girl’s first period (menarche) occurs around the age of 11. If, however, a right-handed girl has a sexual conflict before puberty, her first menstruation will be delayed. By the same token, a right-handed woman who is already menstruating has no period (amenorrhea) while she is conflict-active with a sexual conflict (during that time she is manic). She only continues menstruating when the conflict is resolved or when a second conflict impacts in the right temporal lobe, which increases her estrogen level (when she menstruates, she is depressed - see Scale Rule). At that point, the right-handed female is in constellation. When a right-handed girl gets her first period before the age of 11, this indicates that she is already in constellation (manic-depressed) with an accentuation of a territorial conflict linked to the right temporal lobe.
Left-handed female with normal hormone status (NHS)
For a left-handed female with a normal hormone status, the first conflict is also a female conflict (scare-fright conflict, sexual conflict, identity conflict, marking conflict). Even though the conflict is experienced in a female fashion, the conflict registers in the male territorial conflict area because with left-handers the conflict is transferred to the other brain hemisphere; hence, to the corresponding brain relay in the right temporal lobe.
While a right-handed female loses her menstrual period with her first sexual conflict, a left-handed woman continues to menstruate due to her elevated estrogen level. With an intense sexual conflict, her first period could already occur before the age of 11. She only stops menstruating or has a delayed menarche when she is in constellation and the second sexual conflict, linked to the left temporal lobe, is stronger. During that time, she is manic rather than depressed. She will get her period when the right-hemispheric conflict becomes accentuated or due to an additional conflict that impacts in the right temporal lobe. Now, she is no longer manic but depressed.
Right-handed female with low estrogen status (LES)
For a female with a low estrogen status, the first conflict can only be a male territorial conflict (territorial fear conflict, territorial loss conflict, territorial anger conflict, territorial marking conflict). If she is right-handed, the conflict registers in the right temporal lobe (male conflict area).
Left-handed female with low estrogen status (LES)
For a left-handed woman with a low estrogen status, the first conflict is also a male territorial conflict. Even though the conflict is experienced in a male fashion, the conflict registers in the female conflict area because with left-handers the conflict is transferred to the other brain hemisphere; hence, to the corresponding brain relay in the left temporal lobe.
Dr. Hamer discovered that the moment a Temporal Lobe Constellation is established, the Biological Special Programs stop on the conflict-related organs. Hence, when a person is manic-depressive, the changes that occur on the organ level are kept within limits. This is particularly important if the constellation involves vital organs such as the heart. NOTE: Healing symptoms such as bronchitis, laryngitis, hemorrhoids, a bladder infection or the development of certain cancers (laryngeal cancer, bronchial cancer, cervical cancer) only occur when the preceding conflict was experienced as highly intense.
When a right-handed man suffers a territorial loss conflict, the conflict registers in the coronary arteries relay (right temporal lobe). Throughout the conflict-active phase, he has angina pectoris and he is depressed (primary depression). Lasting conflict activity for more than nine months could put him into a dangerous situation because, in the event that he resolves the conflict, he would have a fatal heart attack during the Epileptoid Crisis. If, however, he happens to have in addition a sexual conflict involving the brain relay of the coronary veins (left temporal lobe), the ulceration process in the coronary arteries comes instantly to a halt. Now he is manic-depressive, but being in constellation saves his life. Thus, the biological significance of the Temporal Lobe Constellations is not only about mental survival but also about physical survival.
If this man were to resolve the sexual conflict, the territorial loss conflict would continue to run “solo”, leading to a potentially deadly heart attack in the healing phase. Dr. Hamer: “An overeagerness to resolve the conflicts can have dramatic results because once one of the two conflicts is resolved and the other one is still active, the clock is ticking.” Therapeutic approaches that aim for a quick conflict resolution without recognizing these biological correlations could, therefore, lead to serious complications. This is why it is important not to resolve but rather downgrade conflicts that correspond to the temporal lobes because the constellation protects the individual!
POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION AND POSTPARTUM PSYCHOSIS
Like a Biological Special Program that is initiated by a biological conflict, the pregnancy also progresses in two phases: a sympathicotonic phase followed by a vagotonic phase. During the first three months of pregnancy, the woman is in sympathicotonia; from the fourth month to childbirth, she is in vagotonia. The vagotonic state of the expectant mother serves the purpose to prevent her from overexerting herself and putting herself and her baby in danger. The postpartum period begins immediately after the birth of the child.
In conventional medicine, a postpartum depression is thought to be caused by the hormonal changes that occur after giving birth. If this were true, every woman in childbed would suffer from depression, which is certainly not the case. Based on GNM, a postpartum depression (primary depression) only occurs when the pregnant woman experienced a territorial conflict during gestation or during delivery. Because of her low estrogen status, a pregnant woman experiences conflicts in a male fashion. Such conflicts include territorial loss conflicts (loss of her home, loss of the father of her child, loss of a family member or close friend), territorial anger conflicts (anger at home or at work, arguments with the partner or spouse, a difficult pregnancy, uncomfortable pregnancy examinations), or territorial fear conflicts (fears of a miscarriage, fears about the healthy development of the baby).
The right-handed (RH) pregnant female
The postpartum depression lasts as long as the territorial conflict is not resolved. The conflict resolution often comes with the joy over the new baby and the new responsibilities.
From the GNM perspective, the presence of a postpartum psychosis indicates that a woman is in a Temporal Lobe Constellation (manic-depressive) following the birth of her child.
How exactly the postpartum psychosis presents, is determined by the type of constellation that was established before giving birth. With an Autistic Constellation, the new mother tends to withdraw, whereas a Flying Constellation might propel her into a state of extreme euphoria, particularly when the manic mood is dominant. With an Aggressive Constellation she is argumentative and confrontational. If the Aggressive Constellation is severe, she might harm her baby and/or herself. Because of the sudden reactivation of the constellation (see psychotic attacks), the mental symptoms and behaviors present as much stronger than before delivery. It could take two to twelve weeks until the psychosis levels off.
BEHAVIORS CONTROLLED FROM THE TEMPORAL LOBES
“You’re only given one little spark of madness.
You mustn’t lose it.” (Robin Williams)
A distinctive feature of Temporal Lobe Constellations and manic depression is the development of obsessive-compulsive behaviors. From a biological point of view, the compulsive urge to act a certain way is not, as claimed, a “disorder” (OCD-Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) but instead an innate survival program that is activated the moment the constellation is established (see also hoarding with a Kidney Collecting Tubules Constellation, a compulsion to move with a Motor Cortex Constellation, compulsive checking with a Paranoia Constellation). The purpose of the compulsion is to help the individual to better cope with the conflicts. Complex compulsive behaviors, for instance, when compulsive ritualistic behaviors, aggressive behaviors, paranoid impulses, and motor tics occur together, indicate a combination of several constellations. The individual conflict situations explain why the behaviors start at a certain time in someone’s life, why they vary in degrees, and why they differ from person to person.
When constellations are severe, the compulsions can build to a point where they gravely interfere with a person’s daily life. The GNM approach is to identify and resolve the conflict that prompted the compulsive behavior (see conflict sequence). CAUTION: If the underlying conflicts involve vital organs such as the heart (see Organ Level), the objective is to downgrade the conflicts rather than to aim for a complete conflict resolution.
When a person is still in the developmental age and experiences a conflict that creates a constellation, the maturation stops at the time when the second conflict takes place. The maturity stop, however, is only put on hold. Once one of the two conflicts is resolved, the person is no longer in constellation and, therefore, able to catch up in his development very quickly (the maturity stop allows an individual to resolve the conflict at the emotional age when the second conflict occurred). Yet, if the conflicts are not resolved by the age of about 23, the maturity stop remains and there will always be a discrepancy between the intellectual world of an adult and the emotional world of a child or adolescent. With a conflict resolution after the age of 23, the manic depression ceases; the maturity stop, however, stays and becomes part of the adult’s personality. The purpose of the maturity stop is to protect the individual because instinctively nobody attacks an infant or a child. The maturity stop also serves the purpose to keep the individual out of the (territorial) competition.
The maturity stop explains why, for example, a 12-year old child behaves like an infant that is still in the defiant age, why a grown-up woman at the emotional age of 16 acts like a teenager, why a 40-year old man with a maturity stop at 13 is unable to settle down and commit to a marriage, why an emotionally 9-year old adult requires a guiding hand throughout life, or why some children appear more mature than their parents. Here we find the adult who is still living with his parents, the man who has an infantile bond to his mother, the “old hippies” that never came out of the Sixties (a time loaded with territorial conflicts and sexual conflicts), or the young woman who is attracted to men older her age. What is known in psychology as a “father complex” is in the context of GNM a maturity stop linked to a father-related conflict such as a sexual conflict involving the father or an elderly man or the loss of the father at an early age (territorial loss conflict). Dr. Hamer: “The phenomenon of the maturity stop has existed all along. However, in our days, not least because of early sexualization, the frequency of constellations among teenagers between the age of 11 and 14 has increased significantly. Most conflicts occur during that period.”
The more intense the constellation, the more obvious is the immature conduct. Setting on a conflict track can trigger a sudden display of childish behavior such as pouting, throwing a tantrum, or seeking comfort with a stuffed animal. The encounter with an abuser from childhood, associated with a sexual conflict, scare-fright conflict, or territorial fear conflict, can prompt an instant regression into infancy.
The age of the maturity stop, that is, the age when the second conflict occurred, might show in a person’s facial features (“baby face”), stature, voice, in the way of talking or laughing, the choice of clothing, or in his or her interests and profession (work in pediatrics, children’s and youth work, teaching in a nursery or elementary school, writing children’s books, puppeteering). People with a maturity stop are naturally attracted to those of “their age”.
FEMININE AND MASCULINE BEHAVIORS
Dr. Hamer discovered that feminine and masculine behaviors are controlled from the same areas in the brain that regulate the estrogen and testosterone levels. Next to the hormone status, a person’s biological handedness is of equal significance.
Generally, both males and females can exhibit feminine and masculine traits. However, independent of one’s gender, conflict activity related to the left temporal lobe accentuates a masculine behavior, whereas a feminine behavior prevails with conflict activity linked to the right temporal lobe. Based on Dr. Hamer's findings, gender roles are first and foremost determined by biological conflicts a person experiences in the course of life rather than solely a result of social and cultural conditioning, as suggested.
The right-handed male
His femininity might show in his physical appearance (soft facial features, feminine body shape) or in his demeanor. If the conflict happens in infancy or childhood, for example, because of abuse, parental punishments, the loss of a family member, losing “territorial fights” with an older brother, bullying at school, and the like, then the effeminate behavior is already apparent at an early age. Such a boy likes to be with girls and has a preference for activities typical for girls (“As a kid I always enjoyed playing with dolls, making jewelry, singing, acting, and dancing — all things considered “girly” by society — and I gravitated toward girls my own age”). In his adulthood, he might be sexually attracted to men (see homosexuality). However, not all effeminate men are gay!
Since the male territorial conflict area is closed (see diagram above), such men do no longer have the need to be in charge (a concurrent megalomania constellation might give the impression of superiority and of being in command). Generally, they are easy going and relaxed (“depressed”). They get along well with both men and women. They are good team players and women enjoy them as male friends. Instinctively, they treat them as their kind. Concerning a partner, they happily put their life into the hands of a strong female, particularly with a maturity stop (see submissiveness).
The left-handed male
While a right-handed male becomes with a territorial conflict soft and effeminate, a left-handed male displays instead an overly manly behavior, particularly in the presence of women. Due to his higher than normal testosterone level, he also has an increased sex drive (see Casanova Constellation).
Contrary to the right-handed male, the left-handed man still acts territorial since his male territorial conflict area is open (see diagram above). His mania provides him with the necessary strength to stand up and fight and to attack a second time, so to speak, in order to defend or regain his place. Hence, such men (or boys) have a tendency to be rebellious and to take charge. Only when he is in constellation with two territorial conflicts is a left-handed male no longer able to think in territorial terms.
Owing to their manic energy, left-handed males with a territorial conflict are able to generate a tremendous amount of vigor and stamina. Hence, they tend to do a lot of sport, often extreme sport. Many top male professional athletes are left-handers, including Joe Frazier, Mark Spitz, Pelé, David Beckham, Lionel Messi, Wayne Gretzky, Bobby Orr, Bobby Hull, Jimmy Connors, and Rafael Nadal.
The right-handed female
As a girl, she is the boyish type with typical tomboy traits. She is interested in toys for boys, likes to climb trees, play soccer or hockey, and hang out with boys. If she experienced the conflict, let's say, at the age of five or six, her behavior does not differ from a boy her age. The earlier the conflict occurs, the more pronounced is her male demeanor.
In an adult woman, her masculinity might show in her facial features, her physique, the way she likes to dress, or in her hobbies and the profession she chooses. Even if she looks feminine, she emanates a male presence. Since the male conflict area is open (see diagram above), she acts territorial. She is determined and in charge. Due to her mania, she is full of energy, active, and impulsive. As a “male”, she has a natural way of interacting with men. She also connects well with other masculine women. Concerning a partner, she is attracted to the soft, effeminate type. If she is lesbian, she is drawn to feminine women.
The left-handed female
Her pronounced femininity might show in her look, her style, her demeanor, or the way she carries herself. It could also manifest itself as an overly caring or protective behavior, an ideal trait for nursing professions or for working with small children. With a maturity stop she tends to behave girlish.
Overall, such a woman feels more comfortable in the company of other women. Concerning a partner, she prefers the manly type rather than a “softy”. The ideal match is a left-handed manic male. Because of her higher than normal estrogen level, she has an increased sex drive (see also Nympho Constellation), contrary to a conflict-active right-handed female who has due to her low estrogen status a rather low libido.
It is similar in the human world. When, for example, a boy (whether right or left-handed) experiences a territorial fear conflict or territorial anger conflict over his domineering mother, his beta wolf behavior shows as obedience and subservience towards his mother as the alpha female. Such a boy idealizes and adores his mother and assumes the role of her protector and her “lover”. Deep inside he is jealous of his father whom he considers a rival (Sigmund Freud called this the Oedipus complex). Unless he resolves the conflict, which is unlikely (see maturity stop), he will remain a mother’s boy throughout his life. As an adult, he is attracted to females who resemble his mother, as a partner he seeks a woman who is in charge. He might choose a woman who is much older than he (see Emmanuel Macron and his wife; a union of a right-handed male and a right-handed female). He also displays a submissive behavior towards an alpha male.
If a boy has a territorial conflict with a male, for instance with a terrorizing father, an older brother, or a bully at school, he will always be obedient to that male and look up to him. He also takes the position of a beta wolf in the male pack ranking. He is subordinate and compliant, a follower and conformist. If the territorial conflict involves abuse, for example an abusive father, he will be submissive to his abuser. For this well-known phenomenon, GNM offers an understanding from the perspective of biological conflicts rather than from a solely psychological point of view. However, this submissive behavior only develops as a result of territorial conflicts! With a self-devaluation conflict, a male would hate his abuser all his life. Traditional psychology is unable to explain this apparent discrepancy.
Like her male counterpart, a woman becomes submissive towards an alpha male or alpha female when she is active with a female conflict that involves the temporal lobes. If a young girl suffers, for example, a scare-fright or territorial fear conflict triggered by a strict mother, she will always be obedient to her mother who has control over her. Unless she resolves the conflict, she will fixate on her mother throughout her life. She has little interest in men; often such a woman is lesbian. With a sexual conflict involving a male (sexual abuse by her father or another male family member), the girl or female adult is subservient to her abuser. In psychology, it has been known that father-bonded women often suffered sexual abuse or incest.
Many different theories have been put forth regarding the origins of homosexuality. The current debate is whether or not homosexuality is a result of environmental or biological factors, or simply a choice and way of life. Social psychologists argue that an individual’s upbringing and the role of parental and family dynamics are at the root of a person’s sexual orientation. Other theories propose homosexuality is caused by a subconscious hatred of women. Biologists claim that maternal hormones have an effect on a male’s sexual orientation already in utero. It has been suggested that if the prenatal hormonal environment of the womb does not provide the fetus with certain levels of testosterone, the brain may not “masculinize” completely. Some say that homosexuality is an “error or freak of nature” (David M. Halperin). Geneticists link sexual orientation with certain DNA markers. Epigenetic theories believe, as usual, that an alteration in gene expressions plays a role in the development of homosexuality. In 2016, Ray Blanchard, professor of psychiatry at the University of Toronto, conjectured the “fraternal birth order effect” theory, proposing that the more older brothers a man has the more likely he is to be gay (PNAS, 2018). This hypothesis does, however, not explain why there are firstborn sons that are homosexual or why women are gay.
Until 1973, the American Psychiatric Association classified homosexuality as a “mental disorder”!
The fact that homosexuality exists across cultures and even throughout the animal kingdom strongly suggests that other factors are at play. With GNM we have for the first time a science that explains homosexuality from the perspective of biological conflicts, taking into account the role of the brain that controls human behavior, including sexual behavior. Dr. Hamer: “In Nature, everything has its sense and purpose, including homosexuality.”
Male homosexuality is brought on by a male territorial conflict, particularly when the conflict occurred at an early age. A territorial loss conflict, for example, could have been experienced through the loss of a parent (divorce, death), including the emotional loss of a parent because of arguments or abuse. Studies have shown that as a child homosexual men experienced higher levels of distress in relation to being separated from a parental figure (Scientific America, April 25, 2017). A territorial loss conflict might have already happened in utero. A fetus can also suffer the conflict with or on behalf of the mother.
With a maturity stop, specifically, when the second conflict occurs before puberty, a male never develops a sexual attraction to females. Most male adolescents go through a homoerotic period where they explore their sexuality. Homosexual men never pass that phase. The maturity stop also reveals why gay men usually look boyish, even when they get older. The promiscuous gay man is in a Casanova Constellation.
There are two types of male homosexuals: The right-handed homosexual who is soft, effeminate in his appearance and behavior and more or less depressed (quiet, relaxed) and the left-handed homosexual who is masculine-looking, manly in his demeanor, and manic (energetic, active). He is the one that plays the male role in the relationship. With a dominance of the first conflict, the right-handed male is the feminine type and the left-handed male the masculine type. If the second conflict is prominent, it is the other way around. Hence, in a compatible gay relationship, one is right-handed and one is left-handed. In the male hierarchy, they both take the position of a beta male.
Female homosexuality is brought on by a female conflict such as a sexual conflict (any distress related to sexuality) coupled with a maturity stop.
There are two types of female homosexuals: The right-handed lesbian who appears and acts masculine and is more or less manic (energetic) and the left-handed, feminine lesbian who tends to be depressed (relaxed). She plays the female role in the relationship. With a dominance of the first conflict, the right-handed female is the masculine type and the left-handed female the feminine type. If the second conflict is prominent, it is the other way around. Hence, in a compatible lesbian relationship, one is right-handed and one is left-handed.
Bisexuality, a sexual attraction to both men and women, is an indication that the related conflicts have been temporarily resolved.
MALE AND FEMALE PHYSIQUE
Dr. Hamer made the astounding observation that unresolved conflicts that occued in early life also shape a person’s bodily structure.