DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTION OF THE EPIDERMIS:
The epidermis (outer skin) covers the underlying corium skin
(dermis or under skin). The epidermis is predominantly responsible for sensory perception such as temperature, pressure, and touch. Most cells in the epidermis are keratinocytes (keratin-producing cells) that originate in the deepest layer of the epidermis, called the stratum basale
. This layer also contains pigment-producing melanocytes
(the majority of melanocytes are, however, in the corium skin
). From the basal layer, keratinocytes migrate through the stratum spinosum
and stratum granulosum
up to the stratum corneum
. Once they reach the surface of the skin, they are gradually shed and replaced by newer cells pushed up from below. Keratin is also the main structural component of hair and nails. The epidermis consists of keratinized squamous epithelium
, originates from the ectoderm and
is therefore controlled from the cerebral cortex.
The epidermis is controlled from the sensory cortex
(part of the cerebral cortex). The skin of the right side of the body is controlled from the left side of the sensory cortex; the skin of the left side of the body is controlled from the right cortical hemisphere. Hence, there is a cross-over correlation from the brain to the organ (see GNM diagram showing the sensory homunculus
Newborns suffer the conflict when they are separated from the mother at birth (put in an incubator, given up for adoption). A separation conflict can already occur intrauterine
, for example, because of ultrasound procedures. The ultrasound noise drowns out the heartbeat of the mother, which can be highly traumatic for the fetus; each ultrasound test triggers a conflict relapses
for the unborn (see Down syndrome
). For an infant the mother is the most important attachment figure; the mother protects her child and can prevent conflicts from happening. Hence, when a small child has a separation conflict (or, for example, a scare-fright conflict/territorial fear conflict) then the mother was usually absent when the DHS occurred. Children also experience separation conflicts
when they are scolded, punished or abused, when a new sibling is born who gets more attention, when the parents split up, when they are not allowed to see their friends, when they have to separate from a favorite doll, teddy bear, stuffed animal or pet they like to cuddle; also, when the mother goes back to work, when they are put into daycare, kindergarten or to relatives, or when they are left with a sitter or nanny. Similarly, the elderly feel separated from the “pack” when they have to move into a nursing home or after the death of a life-long spouse or companion. The fear of losing touch or contact with someone (the threat of a divorce, a difficult long-distance or weekend relationship, the fear that a loved one might leave, move away, or die) or feeling rejected by a person, let’s say, because of a disagreement can evoke the conflict. Pets suffer separation conflicts, for example, when their master leaves or dies or when they are put in a kennel. By the same token, the conflict refers to wanting to separate
from a person in the sense of wanting but not being able to push someone away (literally or figuratively), for example, a terrorizing boss or teacher, an annoying colleague or schoolmate, or an abusive parent or spouse (compare with touch-conflict
of not wanting to be touched related to the myelin sheath
A separation conflict also pertains to wanting to separate from something close to the skin
(face mask, oxygen mask, a helmet, hat, clothing, shoes, tight stockings, wet linen, wet diapers). The same applies to a separation from something that one is no longer allowed or able to touch
(a musical instrument, keyboard, tennis racket, golf club, steering wheel) or feel on the skin
(an engagement ring, a favorite pillow). NOTE:
A separation from a home is not a separation conflict in biological terms, since it does not relate to the skin but concerns the “territory” (see territorial loss conflict
During the conflict-active phase
the epidermis ulcerates
at the area(s) associated with the separation
. The ulcerations are microscopic and usually go unnoticed. With continuing conflict activity, however, the skin becomes dry, rough, flaky, pale, and cold
from poor blood circulation. Eventually, the skin begins to crack causing fissures
that may bleed. If an intense conflict persists for a long period of time, the skin opens at the ulcerated area (see leg ulcers
, a skin condition characterized by fine scaling similar to fish-scales
, is also an indication of long and intense conflict activity. A severe form of ichthyosis is termed Netherton syndrome
, assumed to be a genetic disease
On the scalp
, the flaky skin shows as dandruff
. Deep ulceration of the epidermal skin causes hair loss (alopecia)
; also in pets
In this example, the bald spots are exclusively on the left side of the scalp. This reveals that the loss of physical contact (say, missing to be stroked on the head) is related to a partner
if the man is left-handed
or to his mother
if he is right-handed
With the resolution of the conflict, the hair starts growing back.
Because of the loss of epidermal cells the sensitivity of the skin decreases
(compare with hyposensitivity
related to the periosteum
). If the separation conflict
is severe the skin can become completely numb
(sensory paralysis). Sudden sensory numbness, for example of an arm or leg
, is often confused with a stroke
. A brief reactivation of the sensory paralysis
arises during the Epileptoid Crisis
A typical symptom of the conflict-active phase is a short-term memory loss
, which serves the purpose to temporarily “forget” the one who was “torn from the skin” by blocking out the memory (in the animal world, a mother cat does no longer recognize her offspring when they are separated from her too early). The short-term memory loss reaches into the first part of the healing phase (PCL-A
). In children, the poor memory shows as learning difficulties and focusing problems, nowadays labeled as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
. In adults, long-lasting separation conflicts can lead to dementia
develops when the ulceration reaches into the basal layer
of the skin that consists of melanin-producing cells. The depigmentation creates the white patches
typical for vitiligo (compare with tinea versicolor
involving the corium skin
; see also Scarlet Fever
). The separation conflict
related to the deepest layer of the epidermis is – subjectively - perceived as particularly cruel or “brutal” (loss of a loved one, physical abuse). The white macules appear at the site(s) associated with the separation. Hair that grows on areas affected with vitiligo turns white
, characterized by white skin and white hair, is caused by a generalized
, “brutal” separation conflict suffered by the unborn child
. Due to the complete loss of the pigmented skin layer a repigmentation is no longer possible, even if the conflict is resolved.
Vitiligo on the right side of the trunk reveals a “brutal” separation from a partner
(for a right-handed
During the first part of the healing phase
) the affected area of the skin becomes pinkish and red, followed by a slow (!) repigmentation process in PCL-B
. However, recurring conflict relapses
during this phase lead to hyper-pigmentation presenting as brown spots, known as café-au-lait spots.
During the first part of the healing phase
) the ulcerated area of the skin is replenished through cell proliferation
. The skin swells up
, becomes red, inflamed, irritated, itchy
, and sensitive to touch
(hypersensitivity). The small fluid-filled edemas appear as blisters
. After the Epileptoid Crisis
, in PCL-B
, the blisters dry up and the skin normalizes, provided there are no conflict relapses
Under a microscope the ulceration that occurs in the conflict-active phase
(left picture) and the small edemas developing in the healing phase (right picture) show as a ring-configuration, strikingly similar to a Hamer Focus
(click to view the image
) in the correlating brain relay.
The healing of the skin manifests as a SKIN RASH
, termed dermatitis
, eczema, hives (urticaria)
, measles, rubella, chickenpox
, rosacea, lupus
, et cetera. Based on GNM, it is all the same, namely the healing phase of a separation conflict
SKIN RASH LOCATION
An unwanted separation (not being able or allowed to embrace or hold a beloved person or a pet) typically presents as a skin rash on the inside of the arms, hands, fingers, or legs, while wanting to separate from a person affects predominantly the outside of the arms, hands, elbows, legs, knees, shinbones, or ankles used, figuratively, to push or kick someone away. Depending on the exact conflict situation, focal skin rashes also appear on the head (scalp), face (see also outer skin of the eyelid), lips (cold sores), chest, belly, external genitals, toes and feet (wanting or not wanting to leave a certain place), or on the back. A widespread skin rash (exanthema) reveals a generalized separation conflict suffered by a person as a whole. A body rash can also be caused by poisoning, for example, from medication - without a DHS.
Whether the right or left side of the body (or both sides) is affected is determined by a person’s handedness
and whether the conflict is mother/child or partner
-related. A localized separation conflict affects the area of the skin that is associated with the separation.
Chronic or recurring rashes
occur due to conflict relapses
triggered by setting on a track
that was established when the separation conflict
first took place. If the rash is on the hands or fingers it is called a “contact eczema
” or “allergic contact dermatitis”
that prompt the outbreak of such eczemas are, for instance, a specific fruit or vegetable, a piece of jewelry (ring or necklace), a certain body care product or perfume, or animal hair (a pet). What is known as dyshidrosis
or dyshidrotic eczema
is a skin condition in which small, fluid-filled blisters develop on the palms of the hand
, on the edges of the fingers or toes, or on the soles of the feet
Topical corticosteroids (see cortisone
) used in inflammatory skin conditions interrupt the healing phase. This is why the rash reoccurs shortly after the application is discontinued.
Babies develop dermatitis
around the mouth and on the cheeks when the mother stops breastfeeding too abruptly. The separation conflict
is brought on by the loss of contact with the mother’s breast. If the first taste of commercial milk is established as a track
, this causes a so-called “milk allergy
, also known as urticaria
, is also believed to be a type of “skin allergy
”. The picture shows a hives outbreak on the back provoked, for example, by a “get off my back”-track
(left picture) and lupus erythematosus
(right picture) are skin rashes that appear on the nose, chin, and cheeks. The conflict is experienced as a separation “from the face” either through a loss of contact or through wanting to separate (“get out of my face!”). The pus-filled pimples
(here with rosacea) involve the corium skin
and are linked to a disfigurement conflict
, usually caused by the skin condition itself.
Since the face is supplied by the trigeminal nerve
, healing of the facial skin is often accompanied by nerve pain
, called trigeminal neuralgia
(see also trigeminal neuralgia related to the periosteum
and to the facial bones
The trigeminus nerve has sensory and motor branches. The motor branch of the nerve is involved with facial paralysis
This CT scan highlights a Hamer Focus in the brain relay that controls the right trigeminal nerve. In this case, the person (a left-handed male) suffered a separation conflict from his mother. The trigeminal neuralgia occurs therefore on the right side of the face.
is said to be transmitted to humans by the bite of ticks infected with the bacterium borrelia burgdorferi
. According to the theory, if left untreated the “infection
” spreads to other parts of the body.
The typical symptoms of borreliosis include fever, body aches, fatigue, headaches, and a circular outwardly expanding rash, called erythema migrans (EM), at the site of the bite. Based on GNM, the characteristic reddening is not the result of an “infection” but rather the healing of the injury caused by the tick bite (the release of histamine enlarges the pores in the blood vessel wall to increase the blood flow at the affected area). The same response occurs, for example, after a bee sting.
(also known as German measles), and chickenpox
the skin rash covers most of the body. Generalized separation conflicts, which affect the entire body, are typically experienced by infants and young children who are much more vulnerable regarding separations from the “pack” (at home, at school). How the “childhood disease” presents itself depends on which epidermal layer
is involved (chickenpox goes deeper than measles and rubella) and on the intensity of the preceding conflict-active phase (rubella causes milder symptoms than measles). With the SYNDROME
, that is, with water retention
as a result of an active abandonment conflict, the blisters of the skin rash appear more dramatic. An intense healing phase is accompanied by high fever.
Scarlet Fever occurs when the separation conflict affects the underside of the epidermis (showing as white patches - see vitiligo) and the upper side of the epidermis with the development of a skin rash after the conflict has been resolved. A red and swollen tongue (“raspberry tongue”) indicates an additional “oral conflict” (possibly food-related); a “strep throat” points to a conflict of “not wanting to swallow a morsel” (food or, figuratively, a situation that is “hard to swallow”). The theory that the skin rash in scarlet fever is a “streptococcus infection” is, from a GNM point of view, irrelevant.
Based on the understanding of the Fourth Biological Law, these “childhood diseases” are not “contagious viral infections”, as claimed, but the healing phase of separation conflicts experienced by more children at the same time (the existence of viruses that supposedly cause measles, rubella, or chickenpox has never been scientifically substantiated - see “ Measles Virus put to the Test ”). Such collective separation conflicts can be school-related (a separation associated with a schoolmate or teacher) or home-related affecting all siblings. Not being allowed or not wanting to have contact with someone who has the “infection” results in a “spreading” of separation conflicts rather than of the condition itself. Measles outbreaks in school or among a larger population are often linked to the fear of coming in contact with an “infected” person.
This diagram shows the measles death rates in Germany between 1961 and 1995. Source: German Federal Office of Health Wiesbaden.
This picture shows psoriasis on both elbows indicating two localized separation conflicts
of wanting to push someone away in defense (or wanting to get some “elbow room”) related, let’s say, to a terrorizing colleague at work and simultaneously to an annoying family member at home. The exact appearance of the condition is determined by which one of the two conflicts is active
at the time.
Psoriasis affects the two upper layers of the epidermis
, namely the granular layer where squamous epithelial cells are converted into keratin and the stratum corneum where the buildup of keratin forms white plaques on the surface of the skin.
(here, a close-up image) presents as small, fluid-filled blisters similar to dermatitis
. They develop at the area of the skin that correlates to the separation conflict
, for example, on the lips
(missing to be kissed or not wanting to be kissed, oral sex-related distress, lip contact with a dirty glass or an “infected” straw, cigarette “withdrawal”). On the lips, such blisters are commonly called “cold sores”
. The sun can be a trigger or track
for recurring “solar herpes” on the lips.
This brain CT shows fluid accumulation (in PCL-A) in the right sensory cortex from where the epidermis of the left side of the face is controlled (view the GNM diagram). Hence, the development of a skin condition in this particular area.
on the external genitals (vulva, labia, penis, scrotum) or in the vagina
are linked to a sexual separation conflict
(loss of a sexual mate, sexual rejection, unwanted sex, sexual abuse). The fear or suspicion that a sexual mate might sleep with someone else can already trigger the conflict. The healing phase could also manifest as dermatitis
on the genitals or as genital warts
. Skin lesions on the genitals (male and female) might be diagnosed
as a soft chancre (ulcus molle) or chancroid. In conventional medicine, it is considered the “first sign” of syphilis.
Venereal diseases are generally assumed to be bacterial or viral infections that “spread through sexual contact”. Yet, to this day, the existence of disease-causing viruses (herpes simplex virus, herpes zoster virus, HIV, HPV, and the like) has never been scientifically proven! Apart from that, based on the knowledge of the Five Biological Laws, venereal diseases such as gonorrhea, chancroid, syphilis, genital herpes as well as candidiasis (see penile candidiasis or vaginal candidiasis) and cancers involving the sexual organs (see cervical cancer) cannot be sexually transmitted since the symptoms are already healing symptoms. Hence, a sexual partner can only get, for example, herpes if he/she suffered a separation conflict at the same time, let’s say, because of imposed sexual abstinence based on the belief that the condition is contagious. The fear of having contracted a “sexually transmitted disease” could also activate a separation conflict. The distress experienced through unwanted sexual practices or forced prostitution explains why the incidence of “venereal diseases” is more common among particular groups and populations.
or basal cell carcinoma
(left picture) arises from the basal layer
of the epidermis that consists mainly of pigment-producing melanophores. Hence, the brownish color of the growth. A squamous cell carcinoma
(right picture) originates in the upper layer of the epidermis
. Both occur during the healing phase of a separation conflict
. In conventional medicine, they are erroneously thought to be “skin cancers” caused by prolonged exposure to sunlight (see also melanoma
are the result of excessive healing due to continuous conflict relapses
. They develop alone or in groups at the area of the skin that was associated
with the separation
; they appear raised or flat depending on the intensity of the recurring conflict. Skin tags
, which are small flaps of tissue that hang off the skin by a connecting stalk, are similar to warts. Genital warts
(condyloma) on the external sexual organs, in the vagina
, in the cervix
, or on the penis
reveal persistent sexual separation conflicts. In conventional medicine terms, a small “wart-like growth” is called a papilloma
epithelial tumor” (see also intraductal papilloma
originate in the deep basal layer
of the epidermis. They typically occur on the sole (Latin: planta) or toes of the feet. Wanting to “separate” from the ground one is standing on or, the opposite, namely not wanting to leave a place (workplace, sports facility, home, village, town, country) is the underlying conflict experience. Cats and dogs develop warts as well, for example, because of an unwanted move. Shoes such as work boots or hiking shoes one wants to get off, also lead to plantar warts, particularly at pressure points. The same applies to a clavus
, commonly called a “corn”. The claim that plantar warts, unlike corns, are caused by the “contagious human papilloma virus (HPV
)” has no scientific basis.